Projects

International

MOBILISE – Mobilizácia dát, pravidiel a expertov vo vedeckých zbierkach
Mobilising Data, Policies and Experts in Scientific Collections
Program: COST
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol CSc.
Annotation: European Natural Science Collections host approximately 1.5 billion biological and geological collection objects, which represent about 80% of the known current and past biological and geological diversity on earth. The scope of this MOBILISE is to foster a cooperative network in Europe to support excellent research activities, and facilitate knowledge and technology transfer around natural science collections. This will prepare the ground for a future pan-European Distributed System of Scientific Collections.The COST Action MOBILISE will: (1) Facilitate the transfer of knowledge and technology between researchers, domain specialists, data aggregators and industry by networking activities, events, workshops and trainings (“Open to the world”)(2) Promote the development of innovative techniques and coordinated prioritisation to increase efficiency of large scale collection digitisation and mobilisation (“Open innovation”)(3) Raise awareness about the need in science and society that, apart from physical access, sustainable data access infrastructures are an integral component of biodiversity research (“Open access”)
Duration: 1.10.2018 – 1.10.2022
Príspevok BÚ SAV k medzinárodnému projektu Millenium Seed Bank
Contribution of IB SAS to the international project Millenium Seed Bank
Program: Iné
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: Ing. Kučera Jaromír PhD.
Annotation: The MSB project is the largest ex situ plant conservation programme in the world. Project focus is on global plant life faced with the threat of extinction and plants of most use for the future. The seeds we save are conserved in seed banks as an insurance against the risk of extinction in their native habitat. Working with network of partners across 80 countries, were successfully banked over 13% of the world\’s wild plant species. The main goal of the project is to save 25% of those species with bankable seeds by 2020 (75,000 species). IB SAS coordinate seeds colection actvities in Slovakia. Target taxa for seed collecting are endemics, endangered and invasive plants. Seeds are stored at MSB Kew and at Gene Bank in Piešťany. Since 2007 were collected and stored from Slovakia 752 taxa. In future we plan to cover with cooperation of several Institutions from relevant countries whole Carpathians area as well as Balkan Peninsula.
Duration: 1.1.2007 – 31.12.2020

National

Polyploidia a alopatrická diferenciácia ako mechanizmy speciácie v čeľadi Brassicaceae
Polyploidy and allopatric differentiation as speciation drivers in the Brassicaceae family
Program: VEGA
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: RNDr. Španiel Stanislav PhD.
Annotation: In the project we will study polyploid origins, phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary history in species complexes from three Brassicaceae genera: Alyssum, Odontarrhena and Cardamine. We aim to generalize the observed patterns and elucidate major evolutionary processes that have driven diversification and speciation in these polyploid species groups. We will also revise controversial species circumscriptions and propose new taxonomic treatments. A combination of multiple methods will be used: multivariate morphometrics, flow cytometric ploidy level screening, and DNA sequencing of different target regions (including a high-throughput sequencing method). We will also develop an online karyological and nomenclatural database of the tribe Cardamineae that will help to stimulate further evolutionary studies in this group. Our studies will contribute to better understanding of plant evolution and to effective conservation of species diversity of the studied genera.
Duration: 1.1.2017 – 31.12.2020
POLYPLOID – Pôvod polyploidných komplexov: úloha polyploidizácie a geografickej a ekologickej izolácie
The origin of polyploid complexes: the role of polyploidization, geographical and ecological isolation
Program: APVV
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol CSc.
Annotation: The main topics of the proposed project are microevolutionary and speciation processes in diploid-polyploid complexes belonging to the Brassicaceae family. Speciation both at the diploid and polyploid levels will be examined, elucidating the role of genome merge and duplication, geographical and ecological separation. The questions addressed have broader relevance, beyond the studied genera, and the answers can help us better understand processes underlying polyploid speciation as such. The methods applied in this project will include both conventional molecular systematics markers, as well as methods based on the Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), namely restriction site associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq) and combination of target enrichment of low-copy nuclear genes and genome skimming (Hyb-seq). Using the multi-marker approach we expect to gain deeper insights into the studied species complexes and increased robustness of the results. As a complement, flow-cytometric, morphometric, and ecological and climatic niche analyses will be employed. In order to achieve these goals we have chosen four genera from three different tribes of the Brassicaceae family (Alysseae [Alyssum, Odontarrhena], Camelineae [Arabidopsis], Cardamineae [Cardamine]), representing different evolutionary lineages in this family. We will take the advantage of the wealth of methods that are available for and already tested in the closely related genus Arabidopsis, our previous long-term experience with the proposed study genera, and also previously collected plant material.
Duration: 1.8.2018 – 31.7.2022
Taxonomická a nomenklatorická revízia diverzity cievnatých rastlín Slovenska
Taxonomic and nomenclatural revision of diversity of vascular plants of Slovakia
Program: VEGA
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: RNDr. Letz Dominik Roman PhD.
Annotation: The main aim of the project is to carry out thorough taxonomic, nomenclatural and chorological revision of diversity of vascular plants of Slovakia. New checklist of taxa will be published as an important reference source not only for botanists and other fields of science dealing with vascular plants, but also for legal issues, nature conservation, agriculture and forestry. The revision will critically respect all the actual data on the flora of Slovakia as well as latest discoveries in plant phylogeny and taxonomy. The checklist will be compatible with the current Euro-Mediterranean checklist (Euro+Med PlantBase) and other international standards. Within the project, numerous nomenclature issues will be dealt with that will result also in papers published in international journals. Web portal created for the new checklist will be a single access point not only for the information on accepted plant names and synonyms, but also for the vernacular names, and other data.
Duration: 1.1.2017 – 31.12.2020