Projects

International

MOBILISE – Mobilizácia dát, pravidiel a expertov vo vedeckých zbierkach
Mobilising Data, Policies and Experts in Scientific Collections
Program: COST
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol CSc.
Annotation: European Natural Science Collections host approximately 1.5 billion biological and geological collection objects, which represent about 80% of the known current and past biological and geological diversity on earth. The scope of this MOBILISE is to foster a cooperative network in Europe to support excellent research activities, and facilitate knowledge and technology transfer around natural science collections. This will prepare the ground for a future pan-European Distributed System of Scientific Collections.The COST Action MOBILISE will: (1) Facilitate the transfer of knowledge and technology between researchers, domain specialists, data aggregators and industry by networking activities, events, workshops and trainings (“Open to the world”)(2) Promote the development of innovative techniques and coordinated prioritisation to increase efficiency of large scale collection digitisation and mobilisation (“Open innovation”)(3) Raise awareness about the need in science and society that, apart from physical access, sustainable data access infrastructures are an integral component of biodiversity research (“Open access”)
Duration: 1.10.2018 – 1.10.2022
KEW – Uchovanie endemickej flóry Karpát
Conserving the endemic flora of the Carpathian region
Program: Iné
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: Ing. Kučera Jaromír PhD.
Annotation: This project cover seed collecting and research activities of vascular plants in Carpathian region with special focus on Carpathian endemics, sub-endemics, and regional endangered species found at the edge of their distribution. In 2017 was developed Carpathians research network which connecting experts from five different countries. Project is managed by our Institution and finnaced by RGB Kew. The main aims of the project are: ex situ conservation of seeds – seed banking; comprehensive biosystematic investigation of selected Carpathian endemic taxa and taxa groups (we selected five different model genera which include Carpathian endemics – Carex curvula agg., D. arbuscula Čelak. and D. petraea Leyb., Soldanella L.: sect. Soldanella, Draba L.: sect. Aizopsis, sect. Chrysodraba and sect. Leucodraba, Silene zawadzkii Herbich); and developing a detailed distribution database for the entire endemic flora of the Carpathians and publishing the Flora Endemica Carpatica monograph.
Duration: 1.1.2019 – 30.6.2022

National

POLYPLOID – Pôvod polyploidných komplexov: úloha polyploidizácie a geografickej a ekologickej izolácie
The origin of polyploid complexes: the role of polyploidization, geographical and ecological isolation
Program: APVV
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol CSc.
Annotation: The main topics of the proposed project are microevolutionary and speciation processes in diploid-polyploid complexes belonging to the Brassicaceae family. Speciation both at the diploid and polyploid levels will be examined, elucidating the role of genome merge and duplication, geographical and ecological separation. The questions addressed have broader relevance, beyond the studied genera, and the answers can help us better understand processes underlying polyploid speciation as such. The methods applied in this project will include both conventional molecular systematics markers, as well as methods based on the Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), namely restriction site associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq) and combination of target enrichment of low-copy nuclear genes and genome skimming (Hyb-seq). Using the multi-marker approach we expect to gain deeper insights into the studied species complexes and increased robustness of the results. As a complement, flow-cytometric, morphometric, and ecological and climatic niche analyses will be employed. In order to achieve these goals we have chosen four genera from three different tribes of the Brassicaceae family (Alysseae [Alyssum, Odontarrhena], Camelineae [Arabidopsis], Cardamineae [Cardamine]), representing different evolutionary lineages in this family. We will take the advantage of the wealth of methods that are available for and already tested in the closely related genus Arabidopsis, our previous long-term experience with the proposed study genera, and also previously collected plant material.
Duration: 1.8.2018 – 31.7.2022
Taxonomická a nomenklatorická revízia diverzity cievnatých rastlín Slovenska
Taxonomic and nomenclatural revision of diversity of vascular plants of Slovakia
Program: VEGA
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: RNDr. Letz Dominik Roman PhD.
Annotation: The main aim of the project is to carry out thorough taxonomic, nomenclatural and chorological revision of diversity of vascular plants of Slovakia. New checklist of taxa will be published as an important reference source not only for botanists and other fields of science dealing with vascular plants, but also for legal issues, nature conservation, agriculture and forestry. The revision will critically respect all the actual data on the flora of Slovakia as well as latest discoveries in plant phylogeny and taxonomy. The checklist will be compatible with the current Euro-Mediterranean checklist (Euro+Med PlantBase) and other international standards. Within the project, numerous nomenclature issues will be dealt with that will result also in papers published in international journals. Web portal created for the new checklist will be a single access point not only for the information on accepted plant names and synonyms, but also for the vernacular names, and other data.
Duration: 1.1.2017 – 31.12.2020
Vplyv hybridizácie na diverzifikačné a speciačné procesy u Karpatských zástupcov rodu Soldanella
The impact of hybridisation on diversification and speciation processes in Carpathian members of the genus Soldanella
Program: VEGA
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: Mgr. Slovák Marek PhD.
Annotation: The project addresses the impact of hybridization on the diversification and overall demographic structure of mountain-dwelling species of the genus Soldanella. The study design is focused on species occupying the genus diversity centre, specifically mountain regions of the Carpathians and adjacent areas (Bohemian Massif, NE Alps and east Balkan mountain ranges). To resolve proposed questions, we will employ a combination of modern methods and analytical tools including novel genomic approaches such as the RAD sequencing, karyological, cytogenetic, morphological and ecological analyses. Outcomes of the project will enable to uncover frequency and intensity of gene flow among studied taxa and specify factors and processes which have triggered or prevented hybridization (introgression) among pairs of closely and more distantly relatedspecies. We should also elucidate whether hybridisation contributed to the accumulation of novel lineages and facilitated speciation events in the genus.
Duration: 1.1.2019 – 31.12.2022