Interakcia rastlín a mikroorganizmov v odpovediach na toxické alebo potenciálne toxické kovy, polokovy a kremík
Plant-microbial interaction in the light of responses to toxic orpotentially toxic metals, metalloids and silicon
Program: APVV
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: doc. RNDr. Vaculík Marek PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2019 – 31.12.2020
Vplyv kremíka a kyseliny salicylovej na fyziologické a biochemické procesy rastlín kukurice vystavených stresu z antimónu (Sb) a niklu (Ni)
Effect of silicon and salicylic acid on physiological and metabolical processes in maize plants stressed by antimony (Sb) and nickel (Ni)
Program: VEGA
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: RNDr. Luxová Miroslava CSc.
Annotation: The increased attention to the environmental contamination by heavy metals is paid over the last few decades. One of the potential environmental contaminants is antimony. Sb in large amounts enters the environment by anthropogenic activity. Nickel is considered as essential element that is toxic to most plants at higher concentrations. Ni is accumulated in soils mainly due to sewage sludge deposition, application of industrial compost or atmospheric fallout, near processing factories. In this project we will study the responses of maize plants stressed by Sb and Ni at the level of biomass production and at the biochemical (formation of ROS, activity of antioxidative enzymes) and physiological (membrane damage, changes in content and expression of proteins) level. We will determine whether the individual application of silicon or salicylic acid or their combination can protect maize plants from Sb or Ni toxicity by fine-tuning the antioxidative system of plants and/or improving plant growth and development.
Duration: 1.1.2017 – 31.12.2020