Projects

International

BENDIS – Nová generácia rastlinných biostimulátorov založená na strigolaktónoch viazaných na nanočastice
A next generation plant biostimulant based on strigolactones included into stimuli responsive nanoformulation
Program: Horizont 2020
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: RNDr. Matúšová Radoslava PhD.
Annotation: The BENDIS project aims to integrate technologies for the industrial production of a next generation plant biostimulant based on strigolactones (SL) analogs and mimics, included into a stimulus controlled release nanoformulation. A better harnessing of exogenously applied SL analogues/mimics requires such formulations, which protect SL from rapid degradation and promote their steady release at the biologically active concentrations under controlled conditions – i.e. root mediated pH changes in the soil.
Duration: 1.2.2018 – 31.1.2019
Somatická embryogenéza vybraných druhov ihličnatých drevín: indukcia embryogénnych pletív, ich udržiavanie, maturácia somatických embryí a regenerácia rastlín
Somatic embryogenesis in selected conifer species: initiation of embryogenic tissues, their maintenance, maturation of somatic embryos and plantlet regeneration
Program: Medziakademická dohoda (MAD)
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: RNDr. Salaj Terézia DrSc.
Annotation: Somatic embryogenesis (SE) is an in vitro process of embryo differentiation from somatic cells of a plant body. In conifers the process involves several steps as: initiation of embryogenic tissues, their maintenance, somatic embryo maturation and plantlet (somatic seedlings) regeneration. Each step requires specific conditions and is affected by several factors. The submitted proposal intends to study the individual steps of SE, mostly the effect of primary explant developmental stage, plant growth regulators influence as well as osmotic potential of the culture medium. Species as Abies alba, Pinus sylvestris and Pinus nigra will be included as experimental material.
Duration: 1.1.2016 – 31.12.2018

National

Molekulárne metódy v šľachtení prirodzene bezlepkového amarantu
Molecular methods in breeding of naturally gluten free amaranth
Program: VEGA
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: Ing. Hricová Andrea PhD.
Annotation: The efficient and high-throughput methods of current biology significantly reduce plant breeding process andallow to very precisely define valuable original plant material that can be obtained also by using modernbiotechnology approaches. These tools are great value to support conventional breeding for sustainable foodproduction especially under the climate change and meet demand over growing human population. By couplingthese modern approaches we will contribute to knowledge on genome and proteome of amaranth (Amaranth sp.),naturally gluten-free pseudocereal with exceptional nutrition attributes, that is becoming more recognized andappreciated in a diet. Main purpose of the project will be extensive characterization of first Slovak amaranthvariety PRIBINA as well as the other mutants previously generated by mutation breeding. Based on positivelychanged traits we will select another mutant lines, insert them to variety evaluation process to be registered asnew varieties.
Duration: 1.1.2016 – 31.12.2018
Štúdium vplyvu sekretómu na zvýšenie embryogénnej kapacity pri vybraných druhoch ihličnanov
The study of secretome influence to increasing embryogenic capacity of selected Conifer species
Program: VEGA
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: Mgr. Klubicová Katarína PhD.
Annotation: Somatic embryogenesis represents an efficient plant regeneration system for theoretical studies as well as for mass propagation, especially in conifers. Although the process has been initiated for many conifer species, maturation of somatic embryos and somatic seedling regeneration needs deeper understanding. Advances in understanding of maturation and complete plant regeneration are necessary to use the regeneration system for conifer micropropagation. The aim of the submitted proposal is isolation and identification of a secretome of embryogenic cell lines with different embryogenic capacity using proteomic methods and to find potential markers or proteins active in regulation or signal transduction in selected conifer species and contribute to better understanding of process of somatic embryogenesis in woody plants.
Duration: 1.1.2018 – 31.12.2020
Štúdium vybraných fyziologických a molekulárnych parametrov zahrnutých v regenerácii a raste parazitických burín Phelipanche spp.
Study of selected physiological and molecular factors involved in regeneration and growth of parasitic weeds of Phelipanche spp.
Program: VEGA
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: RNDr. Matúšová Radoslava PhD.
Annotation: Parasitic plants of Phelipanche, Orobanche and Striga spp. belong to economically important plant pathogens with negative impact on agriculture. They are causing an annual loss of more then 7 billion US$. After germination these parasitic plants attach to the root system of host plants and acquire water and all nutrients from the host. There is no effective method to eliminate these weeds at present. Therefore the scientists focus their research on identification of genes and mechanisms involved in interactions between parasitic plants and their hosts. The main goal of this project is study of factors influencing growth and regeneration of Phelipanche spp. under in vitro conditions. This knowledge together with developed protocols for Phelipanche genetic transformation will allow to study functions of genes involved in parasite-host interactions and help in development of novel methods for the selective control of root parasitic weeds.
Duration: 1.1.2017 – 31.12.2020