Projects

National

Odkrývanie procesov zodpovedných za súčasný geografický areál symbiotických organizmov s Mediteránnym rozšírením
Unraveling processes responsible for the contemporary geographic range of symbiotic organisms with Mediterranean distribution
Program: VEGA
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: Mgr. Bérešová Anna PhD.
Annotation: Lichenization is one of the most successful fungal nutritional strategies that also enable lichens to adapt to changing ecological conditions. The aim of the project is to find out, whether symbiotic interactions play any role in shaping lichen distributional range. We focus on model lichens with Mediterranean distribution. We aim to find out whether photobiont diversity matches the so far unrecognized genetic diversity of the mycobiont across its distributional range. In particular, we will search for an evidence of photobiont switching, which can be a driver for increase in ecological plasticity of some lichen species.
Duration: 1.1.2017 – 31.12.2020
Polyploidia a alopatrická diferenciácia ako mechanizmy speciácie v čeľadi Brassicaceae
Polyploidy and allopatric differentiation as speciation drivers in the Brassicaceae family
Program: VEGA
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: RNDr. Španiel Stanislav PhD.
Annotation: In the project we will study polyploid origins, phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary history in species complexes from three Brassicaceae genera: Alyssum, Odontarrhena and Cardamine. We aim to generalize the observed patterns and elucidate major evolutionary processes that have driven diversification and speciation in these polyploid species groups. We will also revise controversial species circumscriptions and propose new taxonomic treatments. A combination of multiple methods will be used: multivariate morphometrics, flow cytometric ploidy level screening, and DNA sequencing of different target regions (including a high-throughput sequencing method). We will also develop an online karyological and nomenclatural database of the tribe Cardamineae that will help to stimulate further evolutionary studies in this group. Our studies will contribute to better understanding of plant evolution and to effective conservation of species diversity of the studied genera.
Duration: 1.1.2017 – 31.12.2020
POLYPLOID – Pôvod polyploidných komplexov: úloha polyploidizácie a geografickej a ekologickej izolácie
The origin of polyploid complexes: the role of polyploidization, geographical and ecological isolation
Program: APVV
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: prof. RNDr. Marhold Karol CSc.
Annotation: The main topics of the proposed project are microevolutionary and speciation processes in diploid-polyploid complexes belonging to the Brassicaceae family. Speciation both at the diploid and polyploid levels will be examined, elucidating the role of genome merge and duplication, geographical and ecological separation. The questions addressed have broader relevance, beyond the studied genera, and the answers can help us better understand processes underlying polyploid speciation as such. The methods applied in this project will include both conventional molecular systematics markers, as well as methods based on the Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), namely restriction site associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq) and combination of target enrichment of low-copy nuclear genes and genome skimming (Hyb-seq). Using the multi-marker approach we expect to gain deeper insights into the studied species complexes and increased robustness of the results. As a complement, flow-cytometric, morphometric, and ecological and climatic niche analyses will be employed. In order to achieve these goals we have chosen four genera from three different tribes of the Brassicaceae family (Alysseae [Alyssum, Odontarrhena], Camelineae [Arabidopsis], Cardamineae [Cardamine]), representing different evolutionary lineages in this family. We will take the advantage of the wealth of methods that are available for and already tested in the closely related genus Arabidopsis, our previous long-term experience with the proposed study genera, and also previously collected plant material.
Duration: 1.8.2018 – 31.7.2022