Diverzita rastlín jelšových lesov hlavných bioregiónov strednej Európy
Diversity of plant understory of alder forests in the main bioregions of Central Europe
Program: VEGA
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: Ing. Hrivnák Richard PhD.
Annotation: Alder forests with dominance of Alnus glutinosa are ecologically and floristically specific vegetation type. These forests belong to the endangered vegetation and they are under strong human pressure in Central Europe. We focus on the study of plant diversity patterns (alpha, beta and gamma) in the main Central European bioregions (Alpine, Continental and Pannonian) with respect to various plant groups (vascular plants, bryophytes, native and alien species) and two types of these forests, riparian alder forests and alder carrs. In addition, we would like to detect which ecological factors (including human impact) have an impact on alpha diversity of plants and which conditions predeterminate the highest species richness.
Duration: 1.1.2019 – 31.12.2022
Dynamika antropicky ovplyvnených biotopov nelesnej vegetácie v procese ekologickej obnovy
Dynamics of human-altered non-forest habitats in the process of ecological restoration
Program: VEGA
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: Mgr. Škodová Iveta PhD.
Annotation: Many semi-natural grasslands in the whole Europe are in unfavourable conservation status due to succession changes induced by land abandonment. Project aims to test various management treatments in the ecological restoration of semi-dry, mesic and fen grasslands and to set the conditions for their application. It also tries to test new methods for the elimination of expansive grass species in various ecological conditions. It is also focused on the evaluation of changes after a large-scale restoration. Among the project goals there is also monitoring of temporal dynamics and vegetation changes in anthropogenic non-forest habitats to estimate future trends in grassland vegetation. Project is logically related to several past projects focused on grassland vegetation in Slovakia (SK0115, VEGA 0181/09, VEGA 0099/13), when the network of field experiments was established to study relation between management and species composition (vegetation diversity).
Duration: 1.1.2017 – 31.12.2020
Flóra Slovenska – čeľaď Asteraceae (1. časť): biosystematické štúdium kritických taxónov
Flora of Slovakia – Asteraceae family (first part): biosystematic study of critical taxa
Program: VEGA
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: RNDr. Mereďa Pavol PhD.
Annotation: The project is focused on taxonomic and chorological revision of selected representatives of the Asteraceae family in Slovakia, or in the wider Central European region, respectively. The main result of the project will be the next series of multivolume work Flora of Slovakia, volume VI/2 (Part 1). Due to the high species richness of this family in Slovakia only its initial tribes, namely Anthemideae, Astereae, Caleduleae, Gnaphalieae, and Senecioneae (with about 50 genera and 165 species) will be addressed in the project. Each taxon will be treated in terms of nomenclature, morphology, karyology, ecology, and chorology. Important part of the publication will be the identification keys (in Slovak and English), original drawings of plants, and maps showing distribution of taxa in Slovakia. Special attention will be paid to taxonomically complex groups of the genera Achillea, Aster s. l., Senecio s. l., Solidago, and Tephroseris, where we plan more detailed systematic, biogeographic, and evolutionary studies published in separate papers.
Duration: 1.1.2017 – 31.12.2020