<html><head> <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN"> <html> <head><title>INTERNATIONAL CODE OF BOTANICAL NOMENCLATURE online</title> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styly.css"> </head> <body> <a name="top"></a> <div align="right"><a href="0066Ch7OaGoNSec1a61.htm" alt="back"><img src="back1.gif" border="none" width="20" height="19"></a> <a href="0068DivIIIProvfGovoCode.htm" alt="forward"><img src="next1.gif" border="none" width="20" height="19"></a></div> <h1>DIVISION II. &nbsp;RULES AND RECOMMENDATIONS<BR /> CHAPTER VII. ORTHOGRAPHY AND GENDER OF NAMES <br /> SECTION 2. GENDER</h1> <h2>Article 62</h2> <p> <span class=white>62.1.</span> A generic name retains the gender assigned by botanical tradition, irrespective of classical usage or the author's original usage. A generic name without a botanical tradition retains the gender assigned by its author (but see Art. 62.4). </p> <div class=note> <span class=white>Note 1.</span> Botanical tradition usually maintains the classical gender of a Greek or Latin word, when this was well established. </div> <div class=ex><span class=white><a name="ex1">*Ex. 1.</a></span> In accordance with botanical tradition, <i> Adonis</i> L., <i> Atriplex</i> L., <i> Diospyros</i> L., <i> Hemerocallis</i> L., <i> Orchis</i> L., <i> Stachys</i> L., and <i> Strychnos</i> L. must be treated as feminine while <i> Lotus</i> L. and <i> Melilotus</i> Mill. must be treated as masculine. <i> Eucalyptus</i> L'Hr., which lacks a botanical tradition, retains the feminine gender assigned by its author. Although their ending suggests masculine gender, <i> Cedrus</i> Trew and <i> Fagus</i> L., like most other classical tree names, were traditionally treated as feminine and thus retain that gender; similarly, <i> Rhamnus</i> L. is feminine, despite the fact that Linnaeus assigned it masculine gender. <i> Phyteuma</i> L. (n), <i> Sicyos</i> L. (m), and <i> Erigeron</i> L. (m) are other names for which botanical tradition has reestablished the classical gender despite another choice by Linnaeus. </div> <p> <span class=white><a name="62.2.">62.2.</a></span> Compound generic names take the gender of the last word in the nominative case in the compound. If the termination is altered, however, the gender is altered accordingly. </p> <div class=ex><span class=white><a name="ex2">Ex. 2.</a></span> Irrespective of the fact that <i> Parasitaxus</i> de Laub. (1972) was treated as masculine when published, its gender is feminine: it is a compound of which the last part coincides with the generic name <i> Taxus</i> L., which is feminine by botanical tradition (Art. 62.1). </div> <div class=ex><span class=white><a name="ex3">Ex. 3.</a></span> Compound generic names in which the termination of the last word is altered: <i> Stenocarpus</i> R. Br., <i> Dipterocarpus</i> C. F. Gaertn., and all other compounds ending in the Greek masculine <i> -carpos</i> (or <i> -carpus</i>), e.g. <i> Hymenocarpos</i> Savi, are masculine; those in <i> -carpa</i> or <i> -carpaea,</i> however, are feminine, e.g. <i> Callicarpa</i> L. and <i> Polycarpaea</i> Lam.; and those in <i> -carpon,</i> <i> -carpum,</i> or <i> -carpium</i> are neuter, e.g. <i> Polycarpon</i> L., <i> Ormocarpum</i> P. Beauv., and <i> Pisocarpium</i> Link. </div> <p><i>(a)</i> Compounds ending in <i> -botrys, -codon, -myces, -odon, -panax, -pogon, -stemon,</i> and other masculine words, are masculine. </p> <div class=ex><span class=white><a name="ex4">Ex. 4.</a></span> Irrespective of the fact that the generic names <i> Andropogon</i> L. and <i> Oplopanax</i> (Torr. &amp; A. Gray) Miq. were originally treated as neuter by their authors, they are masculine. </div> <p><i>(b)</i> Compounds ending in <i> -achne, -chlamys, -daphne, - glochin, -mecon, -osma</i> (the modern transcription of the feminine Greek word , <i>osm</i>), and other feminine words, are feminine. An exception is made in the case of names ending in <i>-gaster</i>, which strictly speaking ought to be feminine, but which are treated as masculine in accordance with botanical tradition. </p> <div class=ex><span class=white><a name="ex5">Ex. 5.</a></span> Irrespective of the fact that <i> Tetraglochin</i> Poepp., <i> Triglochin</i> L., <i> Dendromecon</i> Benth., and <i> Hesperomecon</i> Greene were originally treated as neuter, they are feminine. </div> <p><i>(c)</i> Compounds ending in <i> -ceras, -dendron, -nema, -stigma, -stoma,</i> and other neuter words, are neuter. An exception is made for names ending in <i> -anthos</i> (or <i> -anthus</i>), <i> -chilos</i> (<i>-chilus</i> or <i> -cheilos</i>), and <i> -phykos</i> <i> (-phycos </i> or<i> -phycus),</i> which ought to be neuter, since that is the gender of the Greek words ,<i> anthos</i>, , <i>cheilos,</i> and ,<i> phykos,</i> but are treated as masculine in accordance with botanical tradition. </p> <div class=ex><span class=white><a name="ex6">Ex. 6.</a></span> Irrespective of the fact that <i> Aceras</i> R. Br. and <i> Xanthoceras</i> Bunge were treated as feminine when first published, they are neuter. </div> <p><span class=white><a name="62.3.">62.3.</a></span> Arbitrarily formed generic names or vernacular names or adjectives used as generic names, of which the gender is not apparent, take the gender assigned to them by their authors. If the original author failed to indicate the gender, the next subsequent author may choose a gender, and that choice, if effectively published (<a href="0033Ch4Sec1a029.htm">Art. 29</a>, <a href="0034Ch4Sec1a030.htm">30</a>, <a href="0035Ch4Sec1a031.htm">31</a>), is to be accepted. </p> <div class=ex><span class=white><a name="ex7">Ex. 7.</a></span></i><i> Taonabo</i> Aubl. (1775) is feminine because Aublet's two species were <i> T. dentata</i> and <i> T. punctata.</i> </div> <div class=ex><span class=white><a name="ex8">Ex. 8.</a></span> <i>Agati</i> Adans. (1763) was published without indication of gender; feminine gender was assigned to it by Desvaux (in J. Bot. Agric. 1: 120. 1813), who was the first subsequent author to adopt the name in an effectively published text, and his choice is to be accepted. </div> <div class=ex><span class=white><a name="ex9">Ex. 9.</a></span> The original gender of <i> Manihot</i> Mill. (1754), as apparent from some of the species polynomials, was feminine, and <i> Manihot</i> is therefore to be treated as feminine. </div> <p><span class=white><a name="62.4.">62.4.</a></span> Generic names ending in <i> -anthes, -oides</i> or <i> -odes</i> are treated as feminine and those ending in <i> -ites</i> as masculine, irrespective of the gender assigned to them by the original author. </p> <h3><a name="recA">Recommendation 62A</a></h3> <p><span class=white>62A.1.</span> When a genus is divided into two or more genera, the gender of the new generic name or names should be that of the generic name that is retained. </p> <div class=ex><span class=white>Ex. 1.</span> When <i> Boletus</i> L. : Fr. is divided, the gender of the new generic names should be masculine: <i> Xerocomus</i> Qul. (1887), <i> Boletellus</i> Murrill (1909), etc.</div> <p> <div align="right"><a href="0066Ch7OaGoNSec1a61.htm" alt="back"><img src="back1.gif" border="none" width="20" height="19"></a> &nbsp;<a href="#top" alt="top"><img src="up1.gif" border="none" width="19" height="20"></a> <a href="0068DivIIIProvfGovoCode.htm" alt="forward"><img src="next1.gif" border="none" width="20" height="19"></a></div> <hr size="1" color="#336699"> <p style="line-height: 100%" align="center"><font size="1">(c) 2006, by International Association for Plant Taxonomy. This page last updated&nbsp; <!--webbot bot="Timestamp" S-Type="EDITED" S-Format="%d.%m.%Y" startspan -->10.03.2007<!--webbot bot="Timestamp" endspan i-checksum="12503" --> .</font></p> <p>&nbsp; </body> </html>