Projects

International

Ochrana in-situ pomocou menežmentu ekosystémov – v rámci projektu Integrovaný prístup k ochrane ohrozených rastlín v 21. storočí
Program: COST
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: Mgr. Šibíková Mária PhD.
Annotation:
Project web page: https://www.cost.eu/actions/CA18201
Duration: 15.10.2019 – 14.10.2023
KEW – Uchovanie endemickej flóry Karpát
Conserving the endemic flora of the Carpathian region
Program: Iné
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: Ing. Kučera Jaromír PhD.
Annotation: This project cover seed collecting and research activities of vascular plants in Carpathian region with special focus on Carpathian endemics, sub-endemics, and regional endangered species found at the edge of their distribution. In 2017 was developed Carpathians research network which connecting experts from five different countries. Project is managed by our Institution and finnaced by RGB Kew. The main aims of the project are: ex situ conservation of seeds – seed banking; comprehensive biosystematic investigation of selected Carpathian endemic taxa and taxa groups (we selected five different model genera which include Carpathian endemics – Carex curvula agg., D. arbuscula Čelak. and D. petraea Leyb., Soldanella L.: sect. Soldanella, Draba L.: sect. Aizopsis, sect. Chrysodraba and sect. Leucodraba, Silene zawadzkii Herbich); and developing a detailed distribution database for the entire endemic flora of the Carpathians and publishing the Flora Endemica Carpatica monograph.
Duration: 1.1.2019 – 30.6.2022
ConservePlants – Zjednocujúci pohľad na udržateľný manažment druhovej diverzity lesov mierneho pásma
Biodiversity of temperate forest taxa orienting management sustainability by unifying perspectives
Program: COST
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: RNDr. Šibík Jozef PhD.
Annotation: The main aim and objective of the Action is to The Action challenge is to substantially increase the degree of management sustainability of European forest ecosystems in order to maintain their social, environmental and economic values in the long-term. It will be addressed by establishing a knowledge platform able to standardize and apply the existing information on forest biodiversity.
Project web page: https://www.cost.eu/actions/CA18207
Duration: 13.11.2019 – 12.11.2023

National

DD ChangE – Diverzita a distribúcia druhov a spoločenstiev v meniacom sa prostredí
Diversity and distribution of species and communities in changing environment
Program: VEGA
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: Mgr. Šibíková Mária PhD.
Annotation: Spatio-temporal changes translate to changes in diversity and distribution of populations and communities across all organizational levels, influencing many aspects of biota. Shifts in distribution of plant communities and species including invasions by alien species gained significance in past decades when this phenomenon became more evident. Now it is obvious that the main drivers and causes of changes in diversity and distribution include 1) land use and management; 2) climate change; 3) spreading of alien species and 4) natural disturbances. Combinations of these factors influence vegetation, agroecosystems and forestry either in negative or positive way. Identifying general pattern at local scales, in various habitats, and differentiation of effects caused by each driver will help us to understand the impact of observed changes and their role in ecosystems. To reach our goals we focus on habitats from the basins to the alpine belt – floodplains, montane forests, grassland and alpine communities.
Duration: 1.1.2019 – 31.12.2022
LORIEN – Smerom k udržateľnému manažmentu lesa: odpovede biodiverzity na pestovanie monokultúr naprieč viacerými taxonomickými skupinami a škálami
Towards a sustainable forest management: muLti-taxa and multiscale biOdiveRsIty response to the treE plaNtation
Program: VEGA
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: RNDr. Šibík Jozef PhD.
Annotation: In almost all European forests their land-use history is deeply embedded with a variety of effects on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. The majority of indicators of sustainable forest management are derived from information traditionally collected for timber production assessment, lacking meaningful biodiversity information. To understand multiple interactions between organisms and their environment, the main goal is to investigate the biodiversity responses to impacts of non-native forest plantations compared to native forest stands. Based on twin plot-method, multiscale relationships between multi-taxa biodiversity, structure and management will be analysed using five groups: plants, mites, spiders, saproxylic fauna and birds, providing an innovative perspective based on structured biodiversity information. This study could fill a critical gap in the understanding of complex biodiversity responses to forest management and may help to overcome sectoral biases on the local, regional or national scale.
Duration: 1.1.2021 – 31.12.2024
STRAKA – Strom a krajina – vplyv drevín na diverzitu pôdnych mikroorganizmov v poľnohospodárskej krajine
Tree and country – influence of trees on diversity of soil microorganisms in agricultural land
Program: APVV
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: Mgr. Adamčík Slavomír PhD.
Annotation: Solitary tree standing out of continual forest vegetation has well-known positive and negative impacts on grasslands and arable cultures. Close vicinity of tree causes light and wind interception resulting in change of herbal diversity of grasslands or inhibited growth of crop plants in arable agricultures. Positive influences of tree presence are local enhancing of biological diversity associated with improved ecosystem function. Soil fertility, stability of ecosystem and sustainable land management essentially depends on soil quality. Soil microorganisms are very susceptible to changes in soil characteristics and play the fundamental role in nutrient recycling and stability of ecosystem. Changes in microbial communities connected to presence of trees are underexplored but very actual with current effort to improve landscape structure. Trees are associated with specific groups of fungi; among them are highlighted ectomycorrhizal fungi. Soil of semi-natural grasslands is often dominated by probably biothrophic basidiomycetes and ascomycetes known as CHEGD fungi. In arable soils, special importance is attributed to arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and presence of parasitic fungi. This project aims to study representation of fungi with symbiotic, saprophytic, parasitic or other trophic guilds resulted from interaction of tree presence in agricultural land. In addition, we will evaluate selected abiotic and biotic soil characteristics to estimate changes in functional diversity. Project uses advances methods in sequencing of environmental DNA, soil analyses and computer modelling of special influence of ecological factors.
Duration: 1.7.2021 – 30.6.2025