Ochrana in-situ pomocou menežmentu ekosystémov – v rámci projektu Integrovaný prístup k ochrane ohrozených rastlín v 21. storočí
Program: COST
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: Mgr. Šibíková Mária, PhD.
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Duration: 15.10.2019 – 14.10.2023


DD ChangE – Diverzita a distribúcia druhov a spoločenstiev v meniacom sa prostredí
Diversity and distribution of species and communities in changing environment
Program: VEGA
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: Mgr. Šibíková Mária, PhD.
Annotation: Spatio-temporal changes translate to changes in diversity and distribution of populations and communities across all organizational levels, influencing many aspects of biota. Shifts in distribution of plant communities and species including invasions by alien species gained significance in past decades when this phenomenon became more evident. Now it is obvious that the main drivers and causes of changes in diversity and distribution include 1) land use and management; 2) climate change; 3) spreading of alien species and 4) natural disturbances. Combinations of these factors influence vegetation, agroecosystems and forestry either in negative or positive way. Identifying general pattern at local scales, in various habitats, and differentiation of effects caused by each driver will help us to understand the impact of observed changes and their role in ecosystems. To reach our goals we focus on habitats from the basins to the alpine belt – floodplains, montane forests, grassland and alpine communities.
Duration: 1.1.2019 – 31.12.2022
LORIEN – Smerom k udržateľnému manažmentu lesa: odpovede biodiverzity na pestovanie monokultúr naprieč viacerými taxonomickými skupinami a škálami
Towards a sustainable forest management: muLti-taxa and multiscale biOdiveRsIty response to the treE plaNtation
Program: VEGA
Zodpovedný riešiteľ: RNDr. Šibík Jozef, PhD.
Annotation: In almost all European forests their land-use history is deeply embedded with a variety of effects on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. The majority of indicators of sustainable forest management are derived from information traditionally collected for timber production assessment, lacking meaningful biodiversity information. To understand multiple interactions between organisms and their environment, the main goal is to investigate the biodiversity responses to impacts of non-native forest plantations compared to native forest stands. Based on twin plot-method, multiscale relationships between multi-taxa biodiversity, structure and management will be analysed using five groups: plants, mites, spiders, saproxylic fauna and birds, providing an innovative perspective based on structured biodiversity information. This study could fill a critical gap in the understanding of complex biodiversity responses to forest management and may help to overcome sectoral biases on the local, regional or national scale.
Duration: 1.1.2021 – 31.12.2024